Best DNA Testing 2019

The world is more multi-cultural than ever before. As such, people are always wondering who their ancestors are and what they did. DNA testing is a way to trace your family through history and determine who makes up you. Not only is this interesting to know, but can also be used to detect potential genetic conditions. DNA testing is a must have for everyone.

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World’s most advanced DNA test, offering twice the detail of other ancestry tests.

  • Home-based cheek swab collection kit
  • Best for US customers
  • DNA mix across 80+ world regions
Rating: 4.7/5
rating: 4.7
$99

Newest DNA test to help you find genetic relatives and expand your genealogy research.

  • Home-based saliva collection kit
  • 10M+ people on the database
  • Results back within 6-8 weeks
$99

The very first company to deliver direct-to-consumer DNA testing for ancestry.

  • Home-based cheek swab collection kit
  • Discover the percentage breakdown of your origins from ancestors that lived up to 500 years ago.
  • World’s most comprehensive DNA matching database for autosomal DNA, Y-DNA, and mtDNA.
$79

Informative ancestral stories and more.

  • Home-based cheek swab collection kit
  • 40+ gene pools analysed
  • Personal DNA data going back 1,000 years or more
Rating: 3.9/5
rating: 3.9
$199

The first and only genetic service available directly to you.

  • Home-based saliva collection kit
  • 23andMe offers two personal genetic services
  • Service is exclusively available online
Rating: 3.8/5
rating: 3.8
$99

HomeDNA

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HomeDNA Review

Pros

  • Accurate and gives reliable results
  • Ensures deep tracking of lineage and migration routes
  • Provides information of the top three gene pools
  • Uses comprehensive charts and maps to depict results

Cons

  • Slightly pricey
  • Slightly crude presentation

We are always in search of our identity. We either try to trace it from our lineage or try to establish a new one. The GPS origins DNA test has made the former not only possible but also quick and easy. It took the markets by storm when the DNA Diagnostic Centre produced it in 2016. The GPS Origins is a recognized brand across the world. It offers a wide range of DNA testing services.

The GPS Origins DNA test is an at-home DNA test that can analyze up to 730,000 variants. It not only provides your ancestry DNA regions but also your ancestral origin. Thus, it is ideal for those who are trying to search for their family history. In both cases, the DNA facts are accurate and completely reliable. Through your DNA samples, it traces the exact locations where your ancestors lived and the journeys they made. However, it charges a little more than DNA tribes, FamilyFinder DNA, and other tests, the accurate results make it worth the money.

The GPS Origins kit contains:

  • A user manual to guide users through the test
  • Four mouth swabs to collect the sample
  • A business reply envelope to post the sample back to the lab
  • DNA sample envelope to keep the sample safe

The results are usually charted using colored graphs and maps for better understanding by the user.

The GPS DNA is quite user-friendly, and this makes it more popular than the other tests available in the market. You need to begin with an online registration where you must create your profile. Along with that, you can also fill in a questionnaire about your parent’s lineage to increase the accuracy of the test. Once you have done that, you have the option of choosing either the entire DNA kit or you can upload raw DNA data.

The GPS DNA test kit will arrive by post. You will have to register it online and after collecting the sample by following the instructions given in the manual, you need to return the sample to the lab. The results are usually ready by six weeks and you can check them on the online portal.

If you do not want to wait that long for the kit, GPS DNA also has provisions where you can feed in your raw data and they calculate your gene pool and the migration routes accordingly. After you enter all the necessary information, you are required to wait for 10-15 minutes for it to be processed. Remember, the payment must be done after the information is entered and processed, and not before that.

There are usually two sections in which you can categorize the ancestry DNA results; ‘Gene Pool Percentages’ and ‘DNA Migration Routes’.

Once your samples are sent back to the lab or your raw data is fed, you can view your results on your mobile devices using the online portal.

The DNA Diagnostic Centre has been in the market for over 20 years now. You can trust them with your personal data. It is renowned across the globe and guarantees no third-party intervention. GPS Origins market their tests through different resellers, HomeDNA Test being one of them. Therefore, you need to check the credentials of the reseller.  If you need a quick paternity test at home, HomeDNA also provides a paternity test kit.

Hence, GPS Origins is one of the most reliable DNA tests accessible in the market today. It gives you an accurate history of your lineage and its visual representation of the results is appealing and easy to understand.

Living DNA

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Living DNA Review

Pros

  • Able to trace maternal and paternal lines through a single test
  • Provides information on sub-regional groups
  • Affordable
  • Offers a physical copy of results in the form of a Coffee table booklet

Cons

  • A bit of a waiting time for results
  • Results can be intimidating to read/understand

The Living DNA was launched in 2016 under the aegis of DNA Worldwide Group. It not only provides your ethnic makeup but also tells you about your parents’ ancestry. Further, it specializes in offering a regional breakdown of individuals hailing from England, Scotland and Wales and provides an accurate ethnicity estimate.

Living DNA tests are autosomal in nature. This ensures detailed and accurate DNA results. It provides you with your ancestry, your maternal and paternal lines all together in one test, unlike other companies where individual tests are needed. Thus, the test types are Autosomal (family DNA), mtDNA (maternal), and YDNA (paternal).

How does ancestry work? Living DNA reviews suggest that with the Living DNA test, you can trace your ancestry back to almost ten generations as well as locate their movements across time on the maps provided. Male users can find their patrilineal genealogy using this test as well as gain access to genetic markers of the maternal lines.

The Living DNA kit is probably the most user-friendly among other available at home DNA test kits and contains the following:

  • Two vials to preserve the DNA sample after the test
  • A paid envelope to post the sample to the lab for DNA research
  • Cheek swabs to collect the sample
  • Instruction booklet to guide users through the test

Once you order the kit online, the activation can be done using the unique 12-digit code through the company website. Before you collect the sample, you must refrain from eating, drinking, or smoking for at least 30 minutes. After collecting your DNA sample, put the swabs into the vial seal and label them. Then, send it back to the lab for testing. Usually, you will have to wait for up to 12 weeks for your results. You can access the results online through their portal.

Though nothing specific has been mentioned about its compatibility with mobile devices, we can presume that since all processes happen through its website portal, it can be accessed through mobile devices as well as tablets.

Living DNA emphasizes on the privacy of their users and security of DNA samples and other personal information. Hence, it ensures no third-party intervention and takes great care to maintain confidentiality by encrypting all its data using the AES-256 standard. It also releases results online that can only be accessed by a user. The company also runs an online Help Centre where you can post questions or queries related to the tests, results or any DNA match related information.

Therefore, with so many free DNA testing kits available in the market today, the Living DNA tests shines above the rest because of its precise genetic mapping of ‘direct ancestry’, its deep quest for maternal and paternal lines, and its reasonable DNA test cost.

AncestryDNA

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AncestryDNA Review

Pros

  • Easy-to-use test kit
  • The database is continuously updated
  • It has the ability to link DNA to family trees
  • Quick results

Cons

  • Sample collection is a little awkward
  • Basic shared matches

True to what is written on the website, the Ancestry DNA test helps you understand genealogy and ethnicities like no other DNA test brand in the market today. The Ancestry DNA test, an at-home DNA test, is for those who wish to make or update a family tree. It is autosomal in nature and provides a deeper and detailed insight into your ancestry.

Ancestry DNA is quite different from its other competitors in the market. It does not stop at just tracing your DNA. Once it is done mapping your DNA, it searches its database to find any matches or a linked family tree. Therefore, it tries to plot your DNA on the world map and looks for links or similarities. Ancestry DNA also allows you to get in touch with your DNA matches online.

Another unique quality of Ancestry DNA is that it locates your ancestry with respect to times. For example, you can find where your ancestors were living at a given point in time using the Ancestry DNA. Thus, it provides you with your very own ‘DNA Story’.

One of the striking features of Ancestry DNA is that it allows individuals to manage other people’s accounts. For example, if you take the test, you will be the owner of the test, but you can assign someone else to view or manage your results. The person you assign can manage the results from his account provided both the accounts are connected.

Ancestry DNA also provides an add-on feature known as Ancestry DNA Traits. It tests for traits like eye-color, taste sensations, aversions, and so on without an extra test being performed.

The Ancestry DNA test kit contains the following:

  • a tube for saliva collection
  • funnel to avoid spillage
  • cap to close and secure the sample tube
  • collection bag for the sample
  • instruction manual to guide the users through the testing process
  • return mailer box to send the sample to the lab for examination

How does Ancestry work? Before you order your ancestry DNA kit, you must create your account on their web portal. Once you have done that, it takes a week for your kit to arrive. Like other DNA tests, the DNA activation happens online using the unique code given on the kit itself.

Unlike other tests, for this one, you have to spit into a tube until its marked line. Also, do remember that you cannot drink, eat or smoke 30 minutes before you take the test. There is a funnel in the kit using which you can prevent any kind of unwanted spillage. Then, you can remove the funnel, screw on the cap, shake the tube for five seconds, and place it back in the collection bag. Post it back to the lab and await your results. It usually takes up to seven weeks to process the Ancestry DNA results.

Though nothing specific has been mentioned and since all the transactions and activations are done through their online portal, we have every reason to believe that their website can be accessed from mobile devices and tablets.

Ancestry DNA does not own any rights over any DNA that is submitted to it. Hence, all along, you continue being the owner of your own DNA. Further, when you create your own account or activate the kit, there are two agreement forms. One is the basic consent form and the other is the ‘Research Consent’ form that asks your permission before using your DNA for research purposes. Since Ancestry DNA test is GDPR compliant, you have complete control over your personal information as well as your DNA sample.

If you are interested in the larger research on bloodlines and family trees, Ancestry DNA will be the perfect choice for you. With its user-friendly kit and a large database of DNA threads and family trees, this one is on a mission to prove that all DNAs can be traced back to Africa and does a good job of comparing your DNA to those of Slavic countries to provide you with an ethnicity estimate.

Hot5 is a comparison site specialising in a range of entertaining, security and lifestyle topics. In the past decade, home DNA testing has progressed to a competitive market with dozens of companies offering accurate and trusted results. Today, it has become more affordable and accessible to have your DNA tested. Are you 100% aware of your heritage and ancestry? If you require some answers about where you and your family comes from, then take a look at our detailed reviews to see what type of DNA test are available.

What is DNA?

DNA, otherwise known as, deoxyribonucleic acid, is in every living cell. It is a chemical chain that tells our cells how to grow and act.

DNA is divided up into chromosomes which are in turn divided into genes. We (humans) have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 in total): we receive 23 chromosomes from our mother and 23 from our father.

During our creation, our 23rd chromosome is either an X-chromosome or a Y-chromosome and determines if we are male or female. Women have two X-chromosomes, while men have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome.

What is generic ancestry testing?

Genetic ancestry testing, or genetic genealogy, is a method for people to go beyond what they can learn from relatives or from historical documentation about their family history (genealogy). Examination of DNA variations can provide clues about where a person’s ancestors might have come from and about relationships between families. Patterns of genetic variation are often shared amongst people of particular backgrounds, meaning the more closely related two individuals, families, or populations are, the more patterns of variation they’ll typically share.

Here are three types of genetic ancestry testing that are frequently used for genealogy:

  • Y chromosome testing

A Y chromosome DNA test (T-DNA test) is used to explore a man’s patrilineal or direct father’s-line ancestry. Y chromosome is exclusively passed from father to son, as women do not carry this chromosome.

  • Mitochondrial DNA testing

Both males and females have mitochondrial DNA, which is passed on from their mothers so this type of testing can be used by either sex. It provides information about their mother’s ancestral line. Mitochondrial DNA testing is quite valuable for genealogy because it preserves information about female ancestors that may be lost from the historical record because their surnames are often not passed down.

  • Single nucleotide polymorphism testing

These tests evaluate large numbers of variations across a person’s entire genome, meaning it provides an estimate of a person’s ethnic background. For example, the pattern of SNPs might indicate that a person’s ancestry is approximately 50% European, 15% Asian, 20% African, and 15% unknown. Genealogists use this type of test because the Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA test represents their parent’s ancestral lines, and not their overall ethnic background.

Services

In the brands we have recommended above, you will receive results in (at least) one of the following:

  • Ancestry and family history

You will get a detailed breakdown of ancestry and ethnicity, and the migration patterns of your ancestors.

  • Relative identification

Some DNA services will let you connect with relatives you never knew you had.

  • Health and disease info

DNA testing can also indicate which conditions you may have a preponderance. There can be some setbacks with learning that you have a genetic predisposition, for example, having a certain form of cancer may make you more vigilant for testing, but it may also lead to increased stress. You could end up worrying about a potential condition that may never develop, even if you’re “genetically liable” to it.

Three questions to ask yourself

Here are three important questions to ask yourself before getting a DNA test.

1. Why are you getting your DNA tested?

Obviously, different people have different reasons for going through a DNA test.

Some examples of questions to ask yourself are: Do you want to find out more information on your father’s ancestry? Or your mother’s? Are you testing to find more about your health history and possibilities? What will you do once you have received your results? Will you be looking to connect with distant relatives?

2. Are you prepared for results which you might not like?

Some past results which have floored previous people include finding out that an old family tale is a lie, discovering an illegitimacy or that there was a criminal in the family tree, or that your parent/s is not your birth parent.

No matter how sure you are of your heritage or health, you might receive some expected results that you may not like. Are you prepared to live with the knowledge that what you previously believed may be a misconception? If you are hesitant, then we advise you to not take the test yet.

3. Are you willing to be contacted by genetic matches?

Most DNA testing companies will show you relatives of who have also tested with the company that is close genetic matches. You will then be able to contact them through the testing company’s website if you wish. This can also go the other way as these matches can also contact you.